He was born in Edo (now Tokyo). He was the second son of Seigyo Yamaoka(山岡正業) but he became a adopted son of Hosyo Takahashi (高橋包承). He studies spearmanship under his brother, Seizan Yamaoka(山岡静山). Then he became grand master of military school or captin. In the end of Edo era, There are successful three persons have the same Chinese Character, “舟” in their names. Tesshu Yamaoka(山岡鉄舟), Kaishu Katsu(勝海舟), and Deishu (泥舟). We called them Bakumatsu-sanshu (幕末三舟).